3 (close reading) why do you think the textbook used the word òmigrationsó to describe the atlantic slave trade document b: slave ship captain 1 (sourcing) who was phillips how might his background have influenced what he wrote about the middle passage 2 (close reading) according to phillips, what did the.
The captives were about to embark on the infamous middle passage, so called because it was the middle leg of a three-part voyage -- a voyage that began and ended in europe the first leg of the voyage carried a cargo that often included iron, cloth, brandy, firearms, and gunpowder upon landing on africa's slave coast,. The dreadful middle passage could last from one to three months and epitomized the role of violence in the trade based on regulations, ships could transport only about 350 people, but some carried more than 800 men, women, and children branded, stripped naked for the duration of the voyage, lying down amidst filth,.
Violence and terror against africans and their descendants were the accepted and prevailing means of sustaining slavery, thwarting progress after the civil during the transatlantic human trade that spanned approximately three hundred and fifty years, sharks trailed ships that transported captive africans.
The middle passage the middle passage refers to the part of the trade where africans, densely packed onto ships, were transported across the atlantic to the west indies the voyage took three to four months and, during this time, the enslaved people mostly lay chained in rows on the floor of the hold or on shelves that ran. Even higher rates, also mostly from disease the victims of violence meted out by their officers, sailors in turn dispensed their own brand of terror to the africans for africans who survived, the middle passage began with the separation from family and community and ended with a lifetime of enslavement.
Just as horrifying as these death marches was the middle passage, as it was called -- the transport of slaves across the atlantic on the first leg of their trip, slave traders delivered goods from european ports to west african ones on the middle leg, ship captains such as john newton (who later became a foe of slavery),.