Biodiversity and ecosystem services in the himalaya john birks university of bergen university college london university of oxford research himalaya downslope safety safety +++ - +++ - + - dams +++ + + + + - water freshwater +++ +++ +++ +++ + + energy +++ +++ +++ +++ + + food grazing +. Abstract sustainable management of rangeland ecosystems has direct implications for conservation of biological diversity and for the livelihoods of local communities in the himalayan region in general and the sagarmatha national park and buffer zone (snpbz) in particular this study aims to analyze the status of. Diversity of representative natural ecosystems (grasslands and woodlands) and richness of endemic bioresources have added to the ecological significance of the himalaya particularly keywords indian himalayan region biodiversity hotspot center of origin endemics community participation protected area network. Excessive grazing by livestock is claimed to displace wild ungulates in the trans- himalaya this study compares the bagchi, s, mishra, c & bhatnagar, yv ( 2004) conflicts between traditional pastoralism and conservation of himalayan ibex (capra sibirica) in the trans-himalayan mountains animal. The breadth of natural biodiversity in the eastern himalayas is complemented by a rich mosaic of cultures, traditions and people buddhists, hindus, christians and animists have lived closely with nature for centuries and have created a culture of conservation ancient traditions and livelihoods of many communities remain.
The trans-himalayan rangelands of spiti in northern india, apart from supporting pastoralist livelihoods through 2007) also, since maintaining plant diversity is a central goal in the management of rangelands, the diversity quantifying habitat impacts of natural gas infrastructure to facilitate biodiversity offsetting. Pastoralism and rangeland conservation: understanding impact of grazing on rangeland biodiversity in eastern himalayas, india high-altitude himalayan rangelands are unique grassland ecosystems which harbour a unique wild assemblage of high altitude species such as blue sheep, ibex, tibetan. In contrast, it can have negative effects in terms of biodiversity conservation and for centuries, pastoralism has been the basis of survival in much of the hindu kush-himalayan region of south and been immensely successful not only in utilizing the vast rangelands but also in conserving the grazing capacity of these. The milestones include count rhino '94 – the first comprehensive rhino survey in nepal, gis of high altitude forests and biodiversity, status of the red panda in the himalayas, hornbill ecology, gis database of protected areas of nepal, annapurna conservative on area management plan, elephant conservation action.
Nature, by: conserving the world's biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural 31 why snow leopards of the eastern himalayas are a global conservation priority 32 threats to snow herders have used the alpine grasslands of the himalayas to graze livestock for centuries however, the sizes of. The rangelands extend from splendid subtropical savannahs in the siwalik foothills to abundant alpine meadows in the himalayan mountains they stretch north for 1,200 kilometres across the spacious steppes of the tibetan plateau to the cold dry desserts of the karakoram-pamir landscape these vast grazing lands. The high-altitude rangelands in the hindu kush himalayan (hkh) region share boundaries with several improvement and conservation of transboundary landscapes in the hkh region with a view to identifying the region hosts all or part of four global biodiversity hotspots: the himalayas, indo-burma mountains of. Relatively little is known about trends and threatening process affecting rangelands species at risk, but invasive alien species (feral animals and weeds) and inappropriate fire regimes are heavily implicated climate change is an emerging threat some rangelands bioregions are under-represented in conservation reserves.
The project supports measures to protect biodiversity and promote the sustainable use of natural resources in the kailash region of the himalayas this is the case, for example, in transition zones from forest to high alpine pastures and from wetlands to forest or cultivated areas the project applies all measures to combat. Eco-management in himalayas rangeland management wetland conservation watershed development & wasteland reclamation cpr management. Great himalayan national park conservation area this national park in the western part of the himalayan mountains in the northern indian state of himachal pradesh is characterized by high alpine peaks, alpine meadows and riverine forests the 90,540 ha property includes the upper mountain glacial and snow. Biodiversity research and conservation himalayan biodiversity is irreplaceable the world's major conservation organizations have given special emphasis and invested resources in the region to safeguard this biodiversity learn more.
Biodiversity conservation tal vegetation in the southern proximity, dry deciduous sal forest in the churia foothills broadleaf subtropical forests with sal and pine forest in the middle mountain temperate forest in the high mountain and birch dominated alpine forest and open rangelands in the high himalayan region. We are helping to protect, restore and reconnect natural landscapes across the eastern himalayas our aim is to make sure plant and animal species can thrive, whilst local communities are able to maintain and improve their livelihoods this includes the sustainable use of natural resources from forests, grasslands and. Grazing in european open landscapes: how to reconcile sustainable land management and biodiversity conservation edited by péter török, norbert hölzel, rudy van diggelen tradeoffs between forage quality and soil fertility: lessons from himalayan rangelands original research article: pages 31-39 kechang niu. A complete list of publications is available at icimod's hindu kush-himalayan conservation portal (icimod 2015) protected area management effectiveness for biodiversity conservation, community based natural resources management impact assessment of anthropogenic pressures like resource extraction & grazing.
An emerging conflict with trans-himalayan pastoral communities in ladakh's changthang plateau threatens the conservation prospects of the kiang (equus kiang) in india it is locally believed that changthang's rangelands are overstocked with kiang, resulting in forage competition with livestock here, we. From 1988 onwards, community participation in biodiversity conservation has made the policies more informatory and market-based the recognition that himalayas are a distinct ecosystem, crucial for their services but vulnerable to climate change impacts, has come about only with the national mission. Losses of forest cover, biodiversity, agricultural productivity, and ecosystem services in the himalayan mountain region are interlinked problems and threats to the social fencing, which would enable traditional regulatory mechanisms to protect the treated area from grazing and fire, and by supplying farmyard manure and.
Tibetan argali (submitted to biodiversity and conservation) 4 singh, nj, fox, jl, bhatnagar, yv, lecomte, n, yoccoz, ng changing nomadic pastoralism in transhimalayan rangelands of india: causes and consequences (submitted to global environmental change) 5 singh, nj, bhatnagar, yv, yoccoz, ng,. Presentation outline • basic information • drivers of rangeland use, change and degradation with some evidences • stakeholders and players • policies, strategies and programmes for rangeland use • policies, strategies and programmes for conservation and restoration • issues.
Of threats faced by himalayan ibex (capra sibirica) from seven livestock species, we studied their resource the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation himalayan region, which includes the tibetan plateau and the tibetan marginal mountains, represents a vast rangeland system (c 26 million km2) that is subject to. Rangeland ecosystems which include unimproved grasslands, shrublands, savannas and semi-deserts, support half of the world's livestock, while also providing habitats for some of the most charismatic of wildlife species this book examines the pressures on rangeland ecosystems worldwide from human. Hindu kush himalayan region wu ning, theme leader ecosystems including rangelands in hkh can be managed sustainably only by following an integrated karakoram-wakhan-pamir (transboundary pas with unique alpine biodiversity) ❑ kailash sacred (sacred landscape with unique biodiversity and culture. The nepal biodiversity strategy (nbs) is an important output of the biodiversity conservation project of the nepal's location in the centre of the himalayan range places the country in the transitional zone between the rangelands in nepal comprise grassland, pasture, scrubland and forest, and are estimated to cover.